(in Polish Columbia University Press, isbn Drozdowski, Marian Marek; Zahorski, Andrzej, (2004 Historia Warszawy, Jeden wiat, isbn (in Polish) Ferguson, Niall (2006 The War of the World, New York: Penguin Press Gehler, Michael; Kaiser, Wolfram (2004 Christian democracy in Europe since 1945, Routledge, isbn. 28 Of pre-war Poland's 603 scientific institutions, about half were totally destroyed, and only a few survived the war relatively intact. 7 Frank suggested that the Poles should periodically be shown films highlighting the achievements of the Third Reich and should eventually be addressed only by megaphone. 107 Many stel zoekt trio eindhoven writers did not survive the war, among them Krzysztof Kamil Baczyski, Wacaw Berent, Tadeusz Boy-eleski, Tadeusz Gajcy, Zuzanna Ginczanka, Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, Stefan Kiedrzyski, Janusz Korczak, Halina Krahelska, Tadeusz Hollender, Witold Hulewicz, Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Wodzimierz Pietrzak, Leon Pomirowski, Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer and Bruno Schulz. 20 As the high-ranking Nazi official Erich Koch explained, "We must do everything possible so that when a Pole meets a Ukrainian, he will be willing to kill the Ukrainian and conversely, the Ukrainian will be willing to kill the Pole." 21 Plunder edit Germans.
Independent Poland lasted for only 21 years before it was again attacked and divided among foreign powers. Polish-language books were burned even in the primary schools. 72 73 Other Polish writers, however, rejected the Soviet persuasions and instead published underground: Jadwiga Czechowiczwna, Jerzy Hordyski, Jadwiga Gamska-empicka, Herminia Naglerowa, Beata Obertyska, Ostap Ortwin, Tadeusz Peiper, Teodor Parnicki, Juliusz Petry.
115 Many of these activities were coordinated under the Action N Operation of Armia Krajowa's Bureau of Information and Propaganda. 101 Tajne Wojskowe Zakady Wydawnicze (Secret Military Publishing House) of Jerzy Rutkowski (subordinated to the Armia Krajowa) was probably the largest underground publisher in the world. 108 Although it was impossible to operate an underground radio station, underground auditions were recorded and introduced into German radios or loudspeaker systems. Abrams, isbn Symonowicz, Antoni (1960 "Nazi Campaign against Polish Culture in Nurowski, Roman, War Losses in Poland, Poznan: Wydaw- nictwo Zachodnie, oclc External links edit). 106 Writers wrote about the difficult conditions in the prisoner-of-war camps ( Konstanty Ildefons Gaczyski, Stefan Flukowski, Leon Kruczkowski, Andrzej Nowicki and Marian Piechaa the ghettos, and even from inside the concentration camps ( Jan Maria Gisges, Halina Goczowa, Zofia Grska (Romanowiczowa), Tadeusz Houj, Kazimierz. 18 19 In d, the Germans forced Jews to help destroy a monument to a Polish hero, Tadeusz Kociuszko, and filmed them committing the act. 80 81 Other organizations were created locally; after 1940 they were increasingly subordinated and coordinated by the TON, working closely with the Underground's State Department of Culture and Education, which was created in autumn 1941 and headed by Czesaw Wycech, creator of the TON. 7 In 1941, German policy evolved further, calling for the complete destruction of the Polish people, whom the Nazis regarded as "subhumans" ( Untermenschen ).